What is Diabetes?

What are the symptoms and different types?

Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar (called blood glucose) is too high. This is because the body cannot use the glucose due to a lack of insulin or because the body is not using the insulin as it would normally do (insulin resistance).

We get glucose in our blood from the breakdown of any food that contains carbohydrate. Carbohydrate foods include bread, rice, pasta, cereal, potato, beans, lentils, fruit, milk, sugar, biscuits and cakes.

Symptoms of diabetes

The symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes can vary from person to person. Common symptoms include:

– Passing urine more often than usual, especially at night
– Increased thirst
– Extreme tiredness
– Unexplained weight loss
– Genital itching or regular episodes of thrush
– Slow healing of cuts and wounds
– Blurred vision

It is important to know that many people with Type 2 diabetes may not get any symptoms in the early stages and often it is picked up by a routine medical checkup at the GP.

For more information and advice about diabetes symptoms visit Diabetes UK.

Three types of diabetes

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